Africa, the second largest continent in the world after Asia, mostly consists of high plains and plateaus, deserts, rainforests and dry grasslands (savannahs), and not to mention the high levels of poverty. And although dense tropical forests lie in extensive areas in Africa where the trees flourish with plenty of rainfall, unfortunately large scale felling of trees for timber hardwoods such as Mahogany and Teak threatens to destroy the rainforests.
But why is it that this continent is much of a delight to the western world? Below are a few facts about the continent Blair considers “a scar on the conscious of the world”?
Guinea – has 30% of the world’s known reserves of bauxite.
– Deposits of diamond, iron, copper, manganese, uranium and gold
Sierra Leone – diamond is the chief export, even some still mined by hand.
– Huge deposits of gold, bauxite and titanium ore.
Nigeria – first in Africa and ranked highly in the world, Nigeria oil accounts for 95% of the country’s exports.
Ghana – huge reserves of gold have replaced cocoa as a major source of income.
– Still one of the largest producers of Cocoa.
Kenya – World fourth largest producer of tea.
– Kenya makes more money from tourism than anything else because of its game reserves and parks.
Zambia – World’s sixth largest producer of copper
– Second largest producer of cobalt.
– Has mines of lead, silver and zinc.
Botswana – Third largest producers of Diamond and a haven for world life.
– World’s top tourist destination (wildlife)
Zimbabwe – Coal, gold, asbestos, nickel, etc mined for export
Madagascar – Largest exporter of Vanilla
Mauritius – The desert contains the largest deposit of gypsum – used to make plaster. – Also has the largest reserves of iron and exports gold.
Ivory Coast – World’s leading producer of cocoa beans.
– unfortunately all forests in this country have been sold off to pay foreign debt!
Burundi – has massive oil and nickel reserves beneath Lake Tanganyika
Congo – copper ore, cobalt and diamond make up 85% of the nations exports.
– Second in the world diamond export.
Egypt – Leading producer of cotton
Sudan – has vast oil and mineral resources
Uganda – mineral resources such as copper, gold and cobalt
Eritrea – vast copper resources under its mountains and access to the sea’s oil fields.
Tanzania – Oil, diamond and gas have been discovered
Libya – oil and natural gas discovered in 1959 made this it a wealthy nation.
Algeria – crude oil and natural gas abundant
Angola – Petroleum makes up 90% of the country’s exports.
– Also ranks highly in the diamond export.
Namibia – rich in mineral resources
South Africa – rich in gold and diamond.
Mali – cotton is the biggest export.
…well, now you know!